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Yolo Swaggins : If fire arrows don't work surely their polar opposite ice arrows must be awesome!

Charlie Crome : Molotov arrows?

Mr. Macabre : ah yes, everyone wants to penetrate Frenchmen ole' chap, in fact it seems like Frenchmen won't really mind either

Dark Enforcer : You could easily make functional fire arrows using sulfur, charcoal and salt petre

William short Film : HEY ! What do you have against french men ?


dakotagau : You'd do better smearing shit all over your arrows. Make the enemy sick to their stomaches as they get horrible infections even if they survive the bleeding.

Rizvee Ratul : you really hate the french dont you old chap.

Phil Chia : There's an upcoming Matt Damon movie... you ain't seen fire arrows until you've seen chinese CGI fire arrows.

promatt5 : Maybe a pyrophoric chemical would work. Such a chemical could be contained in a glass arrow head that would shatter on impact exposing the chemical to air allowing it to self ignite. However, manufacturing such a system would be extremely difficult even with todays technology, and totally impossible during the middle ages.

Benjamin Natividad : Damn Europeans always penetrating each other... ;)

BlackEpyon : A wound from a fire arrow would be conveniently self-cauterizing, don't you think?

Chantel Nadjiwon : The English loved to penetrate french Men.

George Connett : I want to penetrate frenchmen too ;)

Lord Gronor : I definitely don't get the point of fire arrows against humans (the human body is surprisingly resistant to fire), but in any sort of siege I see them being practical. I also vaguely remember reading up on something where fire arrows (or maybe it was fire ballistae) were shot into castles, villages, etc in sieges. It'd definitely easily light up thatch roofing, which would act as good kindling for spreading the fire even more.

Capt Char : Fire arrows on ships were often used to catch sails on fire.  Hard to put those fires out and you immobilize a ship for boarding.

Zerpderp0 : 4:30 something that goes a long ways and penetrates french people? So you want Benjamin Franklin then? ;P

The Big Game Theory : They did, do your research a bit better. They used fire arrows in the medival times, but it wasnt for shooting at soldiers but for igniting buildings.

JD Tremblay : Both the Assyrians and the Judeans used fire arrows at the siege of Lachish in 701 BC. More sophisticated devices were developed by the Romans which had iron boxes and tubes which were filled with incendiary substances and attached to arrows or spears. These arrows needed to be shot from loose bows, since swift flight extinguished the flame; spears could be launched by hand or throwing machine. Flaming arrows required the shooter to get quite close to their desired target and most will have extinguished themselves before reaching the target. In response, another form of fire arrow was developed which consisted of curved metal bars connecting a tip and hollow end for the shaft. The resulting cage was be filled with hot coals or other solid object which could be fired from a much stronger bow or ballista without fear of extinguishing and would be used to ignite straw or thatch roofs from a safer distance. Flaming arrows and crossbow bolts were used throughout the period. Fifteenth-century writer Gutierre Diaz de Gamez witnessed a Spanish attack on the Moorish town of Oran in 1404 and later described how "During the most part of the night, the galleys did not cease from firing bolts and quarrells dipped in tar into the town, which is near the sea. The noise and the cries which came from the town were very great by reason of the havoc that was wrought."

Vítězslav Ureš : Is there a French youtube historian who wants to penetrate the Englishmen, so I can hear the other side?

TheSpanishInquisition : "phhheeewwww tschunk! Oh. oh... Mines on fire? "

vanMrMann : Actually fire arrows were VERY effective in siege and naval battle. If you burned the enemies sail they where pretty much unmaneuverable and so an easy target. Also, most fire arrows contained a ,with oil, iron fillings, sulfur and saltpeter drenched, linen ball, not gunpowder like a lot of people assume.

Laughing Daffodils : Weren't fire arrows sometimes used in battle to scare Elephants? At any rate clearly specialist ammo of no use in most situations, not for use in 'normal' situations. Thanks for another great video.

Matt Bowen : Fire arrows can be really useful in open battle to start forest fires. That opening battle in Gladiator somewhat demonstrates this principle

Keisuke Takatou : They needed pommel arrows. To end them rightly of course

Brooks Silber : I predict the candle fire will turn into a genie and give three wishes to you.

John Johnson : How the sam hell did I not think of arrows being blown out? Jesus Christ....

dandhan87 : Did ballista used fire arrowsy

Lew ZeroJeden : EXPERIMENT 1000 degree glowing ARROW VS Frenchman

Bernd Schuller : WHAT?? No fire arrows? Next you will tell us the Katana is NOT the bestest sword ever!

Christopher Rowley : I really like watching Lindybeige's videos... but I feel like a lot of them are not very well researched. After just a few minutes of interneting I found quite a number occurrences in an ancient world source of variations of 'fire' and 'darts'... Sounds an awful lot like fire arrows. The use of fire in siege warfare in various works by Julius Caesar: ( From Chapter 1 of The Alexandrian Wars: For Alexandria is in a manner secure from fire, because the houses are all built without joists or wood, and are all vaulted, and roofed with tile or pavement. From Chapter 14: The Alexandrians brought out their fleet with great confidence, and drew it up, placing their twenty-two quadriremes in front, and disposing the rest behind them in a second line, by way of reserve. They had besides a great number of boats and smaller vessels, which carried fire and combustibles, with the intention of intimidating us by their number, cries, and flaming darts. From Book 5, Chapter 44 of The Gallic Wars: On the seventh day of the attack, a very high wind having sprung up, they began to discharge by their slings hot balls made of burned or hardened clay, and heated javelins, upon the huts, which, after the Gallic custom, were thatched with straw. These quickly took fire, and by the violence of the wind, scattered their flames in every part of the camp. From Book 7, Chapter 25: A certain Gaul before the gate of the town, who was casting into the fire opposite the turret balls of tallow and fire which were passed along to him, was pierced with a dart on the right side and fell dead. From Book 8, Chapter 42: Alarmed at this calamity, the townsmen fill barrels with tallow, pitch, and dried wood: these they set on fire, and roll down on our works. At the same time, they fight most furiously, to deter the Romans, by the engagement and danger, from extinguishing the flames. Instantly a great blaze arose in the works. From Chapter 11 of The Spanish Wars: On the next day, our cavalry pursued those who were employed in carrying provisions from the town to Pompey's camp, almost to the very walls of Corduba, and took fifty prisoners besides horses. On the same day, Q. Marcius, a military tribune in Pompey's army, deserted to us. At midnight, a keen encounter took place in the town, and they hurled fire and every means was resorted to by which fire could be cast. From Chapter 12: At the same time, some couriers, sent from Corduba to Pompey, entering our camp by mistake, were seized, had their hands cut off, and then were dismissed. About nine at night, the besieged, according to custom, spent a considerable time in casting fire and darts upon our soldiers, and wounded a great number of men. From Chapter 16: Accordingly, having poured upon us a great quantity of darts and fire, and destroyed a considerable part of the rampart, they opened the gate which lay over against and within view of Pompey's camp, and sallied out with all their forces, carrying with them fascines to fill up the ditch; hooks and fire to destroy and reduce to ashes the barracks, which the soldiers had built mostly of reeds to defend them from the winter; and some silver and rich apparel to scatter among the tents, that while our men should be employed in securing the plunder, they might fight their way through and escape to Pompey; who, in expectation that they would be able to effect their design, had crossed the Rio Salado with his army, where he continued all night in order of battle, to favor their retreat. From Book 2, Chapter 2 of The Civil Wars: Before this was carried a testudo sixty feet long, for leveling the ground, made also of very strong timber, and covered over with every thing that was capable of protecting it against the fire and stones thrown by the enemy.

Burak Baggins : Total War fans *heavily breathing intensifies*

W15S-Ky : Fire arrows don't work? right?

Dickhead Bear : Not to mention they give away your position. I'd be a lot more afraid of arrows I can't see.

The Playliszt - 8-bit Music : I'm French and there's no way I let you penetrate me.

Donald Hill : Not to say they where widely used by land armies or would work very well but the candle analogy does not work since they would use something like pitch/tar to light the arrow. The wind would not blow burning tar out. The point of a fire arrow would not be to penetrate armor or even go into a person walking around with no armor. The point is to start fires around the enemy in order to create confusion (psychological warfare) which is the same purpose the Chinese used gun powered propelled arrows/rockets which other wise had little military value. Beyond a single volley at the start of a battle I would not see the point in continuing to use them in a open field. Shoot them in mass to startle your enemy go back to using normal arrows. The other purpose which would not be used in mass would be signals to your own army although that had its own problems and limits. Sailing ships often wanted to destroy the Sails so the ship could be captured which was preferable to sinking it due to cost and time of building. Setting fire to the sails would take a ship out of action but not necessarily destroy the ship because a burning sail stood as much chance of falling into the water as it did on to the ship and the burning rigging falling on to the ship could be pushed into the water. Destroying the sails/rigging was also the reason for chain shot not ripping through sailors on the deck as you could not aim them due to lack of any aerodynamics .

Mitszick : Well you could take morale deterioration into consideration. Depending on what foe you are facing, fire can be pretty intimidating. If a volley of fire arrows were to hit the ground anywhere close (or even a person), it might not hurt someone but it might shock or scare them for a moment. Also, the possibility of it scaring the horses could be a thing. I think that fire arrows are more of an attack on the morale of troops or on horses (Horseman or horses that carry any kind equipment).

Manoj Anand : i thought fire arrow are used as tracers at low light

ADO : You dont need anything to penetrate the french, they do that to themselfs plenty.

Shawn B : Would studded leather armour be sufficient to stop fire arrows?

Cesar Cervantes : In "Total War Attila" (game) fire arrows are used not so much for their power, but to affect the morale of the enemy soldiers. In bottle neck kind of battles, where there's a big mass of men. Maybe they were used in that kind of situations? I mean, if you shoot a flaming arrow to me and I can't really move to save my life, I would definitely be scared shitless and would want to run away.

Andrew Kim : Fire arrows- the concept of using an HE shell in a tank battle except with bows

petargrad : Well I would rather penetrate Frenchwomen but fair enought

Ivan Rasmussen : 5:48 1000 degree arrow challenge Vs. Frenchmen

Jonathan E : "I want arrows that go a long way and penetrate Frenchmen" what, arrows that work like German soldiers?

Laura Minnick : So Lindybeige, what are your thoughts on Greek Fire?

Oliver P : Behind the arrow-head wrap up some gunpowder with two or three layers of soft paper, and bind it to the arrow shaft in a lump shaped like a pomegranate. Cover it with a piece of hemp doth tightly tied, and sealed fast with molten pine resin. Light the fuse and then shoot it off from a bow. — Wujing Zongyao

Ranga Rolls : 8:34 happens in all too many bedrooms

Austin Bedwell : the japanese and chinese used flaming arrows for the naval battles

antagonizerr : A few points; 1 fire arrows weren't for 'killing frenchmen'. They were for setting terrain, such as grass, on fire causing confusion with your enemy and hopefully setting war machines ablaze. Imagine trying to fight in a flaming field... 2 Most buildings were thatched with reeds...dry flammable reeds. Do the math. 3 Arrows were not heat treated anyway. Far too expensive for something you throw away and were generally mild steel as they were pointed (bodkin), but rarely sharpened, except for hunting which is entirely different. 4 The fire was made with pitch and gum soaked canvas that acted more like napalm than fire so that when it hit, it threw flaming stickyness at whatever it hit. 5 (optional) Ship sails, being made of sun bleached dry linen or canvas burn quite well. Again, do the math.