Building Brick Walls (Old School vrs. New School) Mike Haduck

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Mikosch2 : "911, what's your emergency?" "There's a guy in the front yard, filming and talking to the wall."

miguel roque : Trump , I think I found who's going to build that wall!

Jenna Fearon : Not sure what made this video show up in my feed but I'm glad it did. I watched it through and found it fascinating and thought provoking, not to mention calming and comforting. My Grandfather was a brick mason (correct term?) in New England where I grew up, and now after watching the video I can see where that love and passion could come from. Thank you Mike, for sharing. :)

Jerry D : Modern building is done this way for several reasons. One is the expense. High skilled people require more pay. Quality materials cost more. Prefab is cheaper and takes less skill to install. An other is liability. And lastly way build something to last hundreds of years? As a nation (not every individual but collectively) we have no respect for old. That Danish house you showed if bought by an American would be gutted and renovated. I see it all the time. Family buys an old arts and crafts house from 1900, needs a little work, nope gut it and renovate it. Old factory from 1930 with nice looking masonry. Convert it into apartments, nope tear it down and replace it with a glass and steel apartment building. Why build something to last hundreds of years if it is only going to be torn out in 20-40.

GlueC : I got here from a video of an astrophysics exam. Way to go, Youtube. That said, I learned stuff here. Neat, video.

Max : I have never in my life given a thought to a brick wall. But this was very interesting, thanks for sharing your niche knowledge to the world!

Jerry Scary : quality masonry in the US? what is made with quality anymore? especially when you have some ego maniac boss screaming at you to hurry up......USA is all about production.....not quality. greedy bastards.

Weedus : Bricks and Cinder stones are so much better then Wood... i dont get why Americans stick to their wooden houses... even in the nicer middle class areas...the people have wooden houses I would rather have a smaller house but made with bricks or this hollow stones which are filled with concrete. A typical german style house is the best... they dig a deep pit...that is cast with concrete then for the foundation,then on top of that the cellar is made.The Cellar walls then get coated in black stuff which is something like Tar,and insulated with styrofoam Plates,and then the digger comes and fills up the soil again around the cellar walls. And then on top of that they made the ground level floor. I think not much Germans would have survived WW2 when we would not have had our own personal Bunkers with our Cellars... Logs where put in the Cellar to support the ceiling wall,when the House on top would get Bombed and brake down,the cellar ceiling could take the weight. It was law that the Walls to the neigbour House where only 1 brick thick at a certain space,and a pickaxe had to be there too.. so when People got their houses collapse and they could not leave the cellar anymore,they could brake trough the walls until they reach a house which has a working exit. After a House Collapsed on its log Supported Cellar it became an excellent Bunker since now there was like 10 feet concrete rubble over their Heads which would act like a real Bunker...

Chris Towerton : I love being a part of your travelling trades' school, that's for taking the time :-) ... Chris

nougatbitz : I look at buildings from 1850 here in Europe and even when there is weathering, it adds to the whole appearance. Looking at most “modern” buildings it’s striking how bad these “new” materials age. The smooth white facades of these pristine cubicles strained with streaks of moss and fungus after a few years, it’s a horrible look - brutalist architecture failed in the biggest possible way in this regard. It’s rare to see these green stains on brick walks and buildings (modern and old) however. “Old”, more often than not means tried and proven.

Phillip Landmeier : Thanks for posting this. Fascinating. I've seen brick and stone dating back 1,000 to 2,000 years in Europe and marveled at how it holds up. Here in the USA, the steps on a friend's restaurant are built with rebar. Water seeped in, rusted the rebar, which expanded and busted it all to rubble in just 30 years. Ridiculous.

Jacob : I'm not a builder or brick layer or anything but I found this incredibly interesting, I've studied a bit of the basics of modern brick laying and I kept wandering how people did allot of this masonry work without all the modern anchorings and rebar, this more than answers it. I used to live in an area where the houses where built very quickly by miners over a hundred years ago from the local geology that still stand strong with little to no repair work done to them until very recently, knowing that modern brick homes last around a maximum of 100 years I thought we must be doing something wrong, evidentally we have.

David Renwick : Sort it out Mike - "Efflorescence" not "Effervescence." That's the fizz in your Elephant beer.)

johnnytenjobs : In southern England they have some very old mud walls with thatched tops and I'm not sure what sort of foundation. The old adage is that a wall with good hat and boots will last well. Or something along those lines.

grovelbean : With thatch, only the top few inches needs replacing, not the entire roof (some thatch is 100s of years old underneath). The way it works is that the thatch absorbs rain until the first few inches is completely saturated, and after that the water just sheets off. It doesn't really get damp further down, so doesn't decay. One problem with it is that there's no guttering, so you really need it projecting a long way out from the house!

Nathan Kehler : I dont know what I watched to have this come up in my feed... I certainly do not go out of my way to watch videos on building brick walls... But I will say this was probably one of the most interesting videos I have seen in a long time on YouTube. It was extremely captivating!

thequickredfoxjumps overthelazybrowndog : This is an afterthought question about 1800s brick homes after you said they painted the inside. Why do people paint a beautiful red brick home in a slather of paint,usually a white gloss,and in my opinion destroy the beauty of the home? Doesn't paint hold all the moisture in making the brick unable to breathe causing it to turn back to mud and dust?

594bolt : What are the winters like there? I hope there's no road salt being splashed on those walls.

Kasane1337 : I just came here to point out that "vrs." looks extremely weird compared to simply "vs.".

MrUniman69 : In the U.K. we have English Garden Wall Bond, Flemish Bond, Stretcher Bond, James Bond.....

Andrew Bobbin : "Water table is called damp course in th U.K. Also that bond is i believe called the "English Bond"

Pete Moseley : Hi Mike, great video. I teach brickwork here in the UK and we cover several types of bonds, including English,Flemish and Stretcher and use the lime mortar. We use the "rules for bonding" to teach the students, I'm sure your aware of them. Rob Songer is a talented guy and gives a good explanation on YouTube. Keep the videos coming! Safe travels Pete.

45asunder1 : That's why dey doo dat.

James LeRoy : mike your a legend in all our minds. I really enjoy seeing "how the old timers did it". all that I have learned from your videos makes me appreciate old school masonry when I come across it. It's fun to impress my friends because I can explain some things to them. I corrected a tour guide in San Antonio Texas about effervescence and looked like I had some clue about masonry. If asked where did I learn that I tell them from "Mike Haduck School Of Hard Knocks!". keep them coming Mike! Love it!

Fabian Hernandez : Hello Mike, here in Mexico we have lots of old school buildings too Haciendas of Mexico, aqueducts, castles, pyramids, Cathedral, etc. Thanks for showing another culture, methods, and explain great video. Maybe some Scandinavian folks visited Mexico long long time ago and left some of the knowledge here.

MZ : so relaxing to watch while under the influence

AustralianPyro : I've taken construction courses for house design and never was I taught about what you covered in 15 minutes here. Thanks Mate from Australia

Big Papi : The brickwork in the cathedral was awesome. Those old masons were real artists. Nothing more relaxing and enjoyable than laying brick, especially old, used brick.

bashpr0mpt : Historically brick has been a building material of the poor. I am inclined to agree, it looks terrible, cheap, and nasty to my eyes. Bonus points for anyone who can name the Roman emperor who said "I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of stone."

whelk : Does old school brickwork meet modern building codes? They regulate the snot out of everything.

Marquis Projects : Could good soil have anything to do with it? Seems here in Texas, doesn't matter how well your brick work is, it's not going to hold up 800 years, the ground moves around too much.

Ben Stephens : Really enjoyed this... looking to build anything in Australia is a complete night mare nowadays with all the rules and things they want, and then, the buildings same only last 30-50 years. Why do we do all this extra work for worse results?! Here I think the problem is truly just to create more jobs. We don't have earthquakes usually, though in north east australia we do have to do cyclone rating

BlackEpyon : I greatly appreciate videos like these. I'm a landscaper, but I enjoy seeing the thought processes of professionals in other fields, because "Tips and Tricks" like these can carry over. The more you know.

BeeFriendlyApiary : Excellent explanation as always Mike!!! New construction in US is abysmal anymore and many new construction projects are full of all kinds of problems mainly due to poor quality materials and workmanship. Sorry to say that the trades are no longer taken seriously by Americans!!!!

Gary Foster : That is so interesting, I'm going to look much more at old walls now. I'm British, and my house is pre-war (ie before 1900). My house has a layer of slate inserted in the brick course about a foot above the ground. Common wisdom is this was done to prevent 'rising damp' - water wicking up the brick from the wet ground. Have to say, it's more likely granite was expensive, so the slate 'damp proof course' was introduced by Victorian cowboy builders to save on costs.

O. Rothe : this man has a passion for bricks. I like it

Matthew Martin : I know it might seem far detatched from the subject, but many building efforts nowadays seems to rely on chemistry and or chemicals. As a slate mechanic having worked on centuries old structures, I would find many attempts at the quick solution, mostly having to do with calkings and sealants. Without going into too much detail, I still maintain a structure, including stone or brick wall, needs a solid foundation, and to be protected from water...... and the only long lasting way is through mechanical design, not relying on joints sealed with a chemical substance. (Put away your calks and Karnak cements). But you have to also understand the dynamics of your number one enemy, water. Mostly it's movement is defined by gravity, however when confined or in contact with substances there is capilary action which will cause it to move upwards (hence the water table). The water itself in this situation is not the biggest threat. As most of us know water expands when it freezes. When this happens over time it pulverizes the unyielding brick/stone/ceramic materials. It can also in very hot climates create microscopic steam pressure and accelerate the dissolving of minerals (especially those minerals used in mortar and cements). Well, because of this we shouldn't ignore the fact you are going to find bariers made from a metal. Since stainless steel wasn't available a thousand years ago, the most often used metals were lead and copper. Both are still available and used correctly, however the trend is to use a chemical with limited lifespan. A joint packed with lead for example can withstand and expand with temperature changes. Copper, impervious to the elements (except a slight passivation layer) will do the same. Metal was not used structurally though, meaning it wasn't used to add strength. Look at old roofs on even the oldest cathedrals. The green is copper ( with some lead as a solder or binding) and the roof is slate or fired tiles. And where the tiles or stone would crack, slip flashings made from copper or lead coated copper are used even after repairs. All mechanical and no chemicals. Where you direct the water where to go using just the basic building materials is the difference between a decades old structure which is falling apart and a centuries old structure which will still be standing for centuries to come.

massivereader : I live in a 110 year old brick house in Western PA. The cellar is fairly large cast cement blocks, although I've seen homes of a similar age where they used cut stone block. The walls are a single layer of exterior brick adhering to a vertically ridged terracotta-tile-looking stacked upright building blocks, which I guess was a precursor to modern cinder block used in the 1900's, with an internal wood frame for the walls & floors. The interior walls are wooden lathe covered with perlited gypsum and plaster. They used newspaper or horsehair behind the lathe on internal walls. The exterior brickwork seems to be holding up just fine.

inkydoug : The extremely complex and inflexible building codes in the U.S. mainly allow contractors to buy a new $50.000 truck every three years or so.

John Doe : Food for thought, Take the best of both. Codes in the US, and globally among "modernized" places favor "energy efficiency" at the cost of severely reducing the life span of things. THere are ways to combine elements of lasting construction. I love log cabins with granite blocks for footings. Heavy use of crushed rock and gravel... There are ways to combine the best of both. I just wish people would use them.

Ben Goldberg : Using iron or steel rebar allows concrete to have a much higher initial strength than concrete alone -- it's just too bad that it inevitably rusts, and expands as it does so, eventually destroying whatever it's embedded in. It is rather depressing. And, while I've heard about rebar with rust preventing coatings, or rebar made of stainless steel, or bronze, or fiberglass or basalt glass, these things are even *newer* than iron or steel rebar, so who knows whether or not they'll actually last as long as is claimed.

Bad Taste : I don’t believe this wall is 800 years at all. Try 350 years maximum. It’s not cement, it lime mortar, totally different. Just saying.

sportster1988 : Why don't you build a windsock for your microphone?

Kevin Queen : don't call it the *old school* call it the _Right School_

Vitabrick Snailslime : There's a secondary road where I used to live which follows a railway line. One lane each way, it's pretty straight, but inexplicably crosses the line three times, once at a bridge and two level crossings. A bunch of young blokes crossed one of these into the path of a train and were all killed. The response was to build a bridge with really long approach ramps and a long angled concrete bridge, designed to keep the traffic (which was not at all heavy) at high speed. Total cost, twenty or thirty million, as I recall. But I often wondered what the cost would have been if they'd recreated something like the original bridge, which was made of brick and had been there for probably a hundred years. Simple square turns for the entrance and exit. A small fraction of the earthworks, then a small crew with simple tools. Reckon it could've been done in less time too. And you're left with something that possesses actual charm.

Andrew Hunt : Is that the way how to build schools in the Victorian days because the Modern School buildings that we see in London a lot of rubbish at the Old Time Victorian buildings last very long time and they have shine it's had the bill on the bricks as well inside the schools like glaze

putnamehere hold ma doodle : I laid bricks over 13 years. I still enjoy looking at old brick work. The new stuff just does not stack up against nice clean old brick work. English bond looks one of the best. Anyways have a good day

Ida Hägglund : The whole new method with rebar and stuff feels a bit like re-inventing the wheel... Great video! Learnt a lot.

Kevin Dallas : Interesting. I knew NOTHING about brick walls before. Now I see that there's a wall in my house that needs some of those terra cotta shingles. Thanks

Gabe C : here in Ohio Mike if there is any cracking in brick the first thing they blame it on is the mortar having to much Portland in it! if there is washout at the bottom well the mortar wasn't rich enough! it's a shame