The Ingenious Design of the Aluminum Beverage Can

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BFFs Engineer : Don't know why this was in my recommended but it is a well made video. Enjoyed watching it

Arbiter : What am I doing with my life

Quaglium Quagnarr : His calm enthusiasm coupled with the knowledge of the process in creating the aluminum can is what makes this so interesting.

➍-cнaи Fag : Man... This guy Probobally spent his whole life at a can crashing factory It must have been *Soda pressing*

Jimmy Zelski : I worked at a factory that produced the lids to the cans (officially called "ends") for 6 years back in the '70s and '80s. It was a gruelling job. We had 8 or 9 (can't remember exactly) production lines, and each line had two sets of machines making ends. We made over 8 million ends per day, if I remember correctly. It was incredibly loud. We worked 12 hour rotating shifts. Three days on, three days off. Six weeks on days, six on nights. Shift change was at noon and midnight when I first started, but later moved to 8:00 am and 8:00 pm. I was a machine operator. The official classification was "Press Equipment Tender." That was the lowest position in the entire plant, but it was a union job so the money was great. I made $28,000 per year in the early '80s, which would be over $70,000 today adjusted for inflation. Great money for someone with just a high school diploma (or not even that in some cases). But after 6 years of it I knew it was going to make me an old man way before my time. It was very physically demanding and pure repetition, brain-dead type work. My brain was atrophying and I couldn't stand it. So I quit, went back to school, got a Bachelor's degree and spent the rest of my working career in IT. My coworkers at the plant thought I was crazy to quit. "You'll never make up the money you lose while in school," they said. But it was the best move I ever could have made. I ended up making better money in IT, working regular hours and not destroying my body in the process. The plant closed 13 years after I quit. Production was moved across the country and everyone was laid off. I often wonder what happened with those folks I worked with. Their working experience was highly specialized and wouldn't translate to many other jobs. This was not an area with many manufacturing plants. And even if it was, most manufacturing ended up moving overseas anyway.

ussi : Every so often, this video pops up in my recommended page.. I don't know why, but I can't stop watching it every time it does

BerserkGravy : I feel like if you were my teacher i wouldn't be unemployed right now.

R'mur : I never thought I'd watch eleven minutes of someone talking about cans. Incredibly informative and exceptionally well presented! Thank you!

Michael Tkaczevski : Now I know why they named a film festival after these.

Graves Clayton : My father was an engineer at Reynolds Can Division from 1980 to 1995. Can production efficiency was his primary work. Do you you know why the one-piece aluminum can needed a neck in the first place? If you think it was designed that way to begin with, you would be mistaken! In fact, much of what is apparent in the final product, and appears to be engineering perfection, is actually the result of a lot of trial and error. Beverage companies fill and cap the cans, so when the first series of one-piece cans were made, they were shipped to the beverage companies with a load of standard diameter tops. The beverage companies very quickly discovered that the can would not roll straight after being filled and capped, because the cap was a larger diameter than the can, ooops! Can manufacturing had overlooked this because they did not fill and cap the cans. So the first necking machine was made along with new lids that were the same diameter as the can. This was dubbed the single-neck can, but when assembled, the can appears to have no neck. After several production runs, it was eventually discovered that less aluminum was being used for "Lid Production" because a smaller lid was used for each reduction in can neck diameter. (PLEASE NOTE: Doming the bottom and Necking does NOT reduce the amount of aluminum in the can itself, as the can is formed from the same billet stock, regardless of either process) Reynolds' then began experimenting with the number of times this diameter could be reduced and still maintain the strength of the can neck. Their end result was the quad-neck (4) can (most commonly found on Miller Beer cans) and had 3 visible steps on the can neck. But each necking step required a multiple stops, additional machinery space, and so on. This was slowing can production speed and increasing production expense, in opposition to the amount of aluminum saved in lid production. The neck needed to be formed in one step without stopping the can movement, and without all the extra machinery. Other manufacturers were stamping the neck, but only once to reduce the lid diameter. Also, multiple necking steps were increasing the can height and resulted in non-uniform can heights depending on who bought what brand of can. This non-standardization was creating packing and distribution issues for the beverage companies who bought cans from multiple manufacturers. So the question became how to create a standard height can with the small diameter lid achieved with the quad-neck can? This was done by starting the single neck at a lower point on the can, and forming it in a single non-stop process. So, how is the current no-step neck formed? It is not stamped or formed in the conventional sense. It is actually formed by spinning the can and pulling the neck up and into a smaller diameter while the can is in motion on the production line. This is done in one step, (not multiple steps in 7/10ths of a second). This process was invented by my father and a machinist at Reynolds experimenting with can formation and deformation in the Can Division machine shop. Their idea came from the way in which clay pottery is spun and pinched into thin vases with long necks. Reynolds patented this process and called it their "spin-flow" can. This process eliminated tons of additional machinery and immediately increased production speed to better than the single neck can, as well. In addition, Reynolds went on to construct their own can production machinery rather than buying from other builders, and became the top seller of aluminum can production lines which they would sell to beverage companies world wide. The Spin-Flow necking process was picked up by other manufacturers only after Reynolds Can Division closed and sold their entire can production operations to Alcoa.

Dloweification : I don't even drink soda, but I could listen to this guy talk all day.

Equisynth Studio : He explains it pretty clearly, because he can.

Singing Duckling : if its so genius then why does the liquid get stuck on the lip on the top

Jeffrey D : Now Im sure. I finished the internet

Andrey Ivanov : ♻️ _“It takes 1 second to recycle a can... whereas it takes 50 years for a can to recycle itself.”_ — Said once a wise person. 🧐

AND WE DANCE. VLOGS : This guy knows cans.

FinalfixMusic : Well well, that was a bunch of stuff I didn't know I wanted to know :p

HolographicSweater : anybody watching this in 2018?

Daroth_Arsona : Just goes to show that you can be interested in anything so long as its tought well. im looking at YOU American education system...

Sandy Hooker : This is the first time a fanta commercial taught me something, thank you.

Yurek Hunt : I ... LOVE IT! How has it taken me so long to find this outstanding channel??? I'm an electrical engineer who, like all engineers, is always fascinated to find out how things are made. Kind of sad that this channel has only 751k Subscribers - plus me - while channels showing the day to day lives of idiots have millions? Such is life in the modern world I suppose...

Jaran : What was that at the end

Sverren3 : Him saying aluminum instead of aluminium bothers me

jackson Campbell : This didn't answer my question. Why are cans designed in a way that there is always a little bit of liquid in the bottom. If the the hole was moved closer to the edge the last of the liquid could easily be drunken but with the little lip that is there it is very hard to get the last few drops out.

William Walsh : I want him to tell me exactly what to do with my life.

Torktumlarn Tv : im drunk and interesdet but now i dont remember how i got here and why this is so interesting xD

Ethan : I didn't know I needed to know this, but this is vital information. Thank you, strange white can guy

Jose Francisco Medeiros : Great explanation and video. When did the industry change to lined Aluminum Beverage cans? You brought up a good point that the Phosphorus and Citric acid in drinks can eat away at Aluminum if they had not used a epoxy spray on liner, I read about 15 years ago that a medical study was done that dissected the brains of Alzheimer patients and found high deposits of Aluminum compared to non Alzheimer test subjects.

Dingus : Engineer guy for president

Morgan Kogane : I LOVE YOU AND YOUR CANS

Micah van Everdingen : how the hell did this guy got all those cans?

Mark Soares : That's a nice set 'o cans you got there.

Rasmus Lundqvist : Can match box? No, but a tin can!

Bogdan Dan : Who clicked the video just to see the spherical can up close?

2012isRonPaul : the 2nd can never received an introduction from the top -____-

WuzNab : I would like to drink my Diet Coke out of a spherical can.

Tricorn Tom : If you cut the front and back off, you can throw the can in a spiral and it will maintain a straight line of flight. Pretty cool. Bet you didn't know they were aerodynamic!

8BitGamer4life : I could listen to this guy talk about aluminum cans for the next 2 hours.

First Last : Can I buy a soda in those novelty shaped cans?

mashed potatoes : Who knew such simple science could be so interesting

x : He is only 3 feet tall.

Steven Günter : How did you get the square can?

Tom Kearsley : This guy is incredible. The production quality is ridiculous. The explanations are flawless. The editing is seamless. The voice is silky. I haven't had any interest in product design and engineering for over a decade but this brought back that interest instantly.

Le Lenny : Why did I just watch a 10 min video on cans?

MisterBurgerBeachball1225 : Cool!!!

Person PersonMan : *crushes can* *spills soda*

Cryptozcoin : he CAN simplify anything

Pata Tamás : ✓Appropriate video title. ✓Perfect filming. ✓Proper demonstrations. ✓Awesome animations and sprites. ✓Highly informative and detailed presentation of the topic. ✓Very well-written text. ✓Flawless narration. This video is the best I have seen in my life in tearms of quality and professionalism. Every YouTube video should learn from it. You are a true engineer.

K Dunken : Production quality at another level. Such a quality content and very informative. Thanks for the video.

fapple : i like his hairline