How electrostatic speakers work

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britishcomposers : A very well presented lecture. However, there is one fundamental mistake in your narrative. Due to the short and very precise travel of the planar diaphragm, nearly every commercially sold electrostratic loudspeaker (forget hybrids for the moment, using reflex moving-coil drivers - which never integrate 100%, across the frequency divide with the dissimilar materials/technologies; even with digital signal processing techniques in place) has insufficient structural support or mass loading to fully embrace and retain what is effectively a far more powerful interface with air molecule displacement (within a stat's given volume envelope, which is lower than a moving-coil speaker, but still good enough in a decent size and quiet room for realistic listening levels) as compared to the massy and much slower moving-coil speaker system and it's attendant cabinet resonances which add further delays to the delivery. I have made near 60kg supports for my Quad ESL's, www.eslinspiration.com (the early Quad model, designed in 1956), and with a Benchmark AHB-2 power amp which has real control and range, gets me the most powerful, clean and accurate bass down to just below 40 Hz I have ever heard in my room. This includes using Focal Scala Utopias, Tannoy Westminsters, Edinburgh's, ATC's. They have defied hi-fi critics who have been here and heard sounds they never before thought possible. All rear damping materials on the ESL's have been removed and the speakers placed one-quarter of the way into a 20' x 14' room; listening at the other end near the wall. Seriously, no-one understands that the sheer energy and speed of these large surface areas demand far better rigid support before they can even begin to show what they're capable of. Anyone wanting to hear their old Quads sounding better should begin by removing the back mesh panel and then G-Clamp the speaker's base to a heavy 12" tall, sand-filled speaker stand of solid proportions, positioned at the distances mentioned. Note, with backs removed, make sure that no-one goes near the dangerous voltages that lurk within!

Aaron : The content was very interesting, and the production value was high, but some notes: -the background music was loud, distracting, and tone-inappropriate -the delivery was stiff and excessively slow; the speaker should make eye contact with the camera. Some things I'd like to see elaborated on: -The materials and design of the homemade ES speaker -Design considerations in developing a hybrid speaker; after all, the electrostatic driver is fundamentally capacitive, and the dynamic driver is fundamentally inductive. Does that factor into crossover design?

Pluck my Feathers : This video makes me desire world domination

Sly Wink : Thanks for info :-)

HeavenReservation : Dr. Bruce, thanks for the fantastic demonstration. I recently purchased some used Yamaha electrostatic speakers, however, I never noticed that the bottom of the speaker had powered amp per speaker with a 9-pin output. Can I convert that 9pin output to simple left and right channel inputs to use on any type of amp? I cannot find any information about these online. Is there anyway I can send you a photo of them?

Josh H : I like your pajama shirt. Really professional-looking, you should be talking about bed things, like porn, it's in beds at times.

LohnS : Fantastic!

Jai K R : nice explanation

John Gaval : Thanks for the info. Seems like a cool program you guys have down in Monterrey.

J.Rabbi : I made couple of  conventional diy, homemade speakers, but electrostatic speakers will challenge me.LOLThanks for your sharing

Practical Guy : Interesting and I've heard these exact Martin Logan electrostatic speakers shown in person. I prefer a well designed conventional speaker over the electrostatic speakers. I think the Q Acoustics Concept line or even for a little more money Kharma loudspeakers sound much better and less compressed also if your listening to well recorded music especially classical. This might be due to the woofer and how its is designed in the Martin Logan's rather than the electrostatic panel.

Trevgod : This music is giving me a great deal of anxiety.

David Park : If there need no amplifier, it would be good. Right?

Vitor Madeira : Outstanding video. Thank you for this precious lesson. Greetings from Portugal.

Manish Mandal : Thank you sir for the informative video. Greetings from India.

efertheredfish second : My friend there. Mgentostats are better but they already died out....

ultort : It would be nice to have frequency response of the electrostatic speaker without the conventional one to see how low it can get.

Why Restart : good technology  how would still make thin woofer

hyylo : Hi How does touching the metal case of the computer help to discharge the body of electric charge if the computer is unplugged? My view was that you can only discharge the body if connected to an earthed/grounded cable?

Randall Grimm : thank you sir!

trublgrl : An excellent demonstration and explanation. Thank you.

My Chess : does it work with OTL tube amps?

Frank James Bonarrigo : are there penises involved?

Mason Shaffer : Whats with the apocalyptic music??

Nikola Tesla : Does it matter if the diaphragm is positively charged (1000v for instance) or negatively (so -1000v) I have seen different things around the internet. this video says it is positive, but others say negative.

Aryamaan Jain : amazing

bogie : I have been a audiophile for 33 years and i must say i have owned every kind of speaker under the sun. I have also built many DIY speakers including Electrostatic i have also owned and built every type of sub woofer under the sun. And at the end of the day when i sit and listen to Jazz or classic rock i listen to horns the most alive natural speakers i have ever heard and so affordable. MY horns are DIY using a mix of vintage and new drivers and sound amazing. I Actually was so happy i started listing all my old speakers and components on ebay but if i ever had to give up my horns i would go back to the Electrostatic.