Cigarettes, Slots, and Other Things that Aren't Addictive
Cigarettes Slots and Other Things that Arent Addictive

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Go to http://www.audible.com/break or text BREAK to 500500 to get a free book and 30 day free trial. After the collapse of the tobacco industry, casinos found themselves under scrutiny for engineering addiction. This is the story of how casinos learned to mislead the public using industry funded research on gambling addiction. The problem of industry funded research isn't unique to casinos however, it's widespread and devastating to serious academic inquiry. Your support keeps this channel making videos: Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Coffee_Break Follow Twitter: https://twitter.com/coffeebreak_YT Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CoffeeBreak42/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/coffeebreak_yt/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/CoffeeBreak/ Discord: https://discord.gg/EAbgdg7 Music in order of appearance: Blue Wednesday - Herringbone Blue Wednesday - Magnetic Blue Wednesday - Cereal Killer Blue Wednesday - Honey https://soundcloud.com/bluewednesday ibrahim - Watermelon Slices https://soundcloud.com/ibr Shownotes: (1) Thank You For Smoking https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0427944/ (2) Clarence Cook Little from the CTR https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ipXIQ6PIXAk (3) Slot Machines – The Big Gamble https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLD17r0U2D0 (4) Understanding Joy: The Devastation of a Gambling Addiction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03kQXimVcrw (5) Slot Machines: Addiction By Design https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ETB0x2UU6JE (6) NCRG Funding Disclosure http://www.ncrg.org/about-ncrg/funding/all-supporters (7) NCRG, What is a Gambling Disorder https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhtzVammR6A (8) Salon – Gambling With Science https://www.salon.com/2008/06/16/gambling_science/ (9) Addiction By Design – Natasha Dow Shull https://www.amazon.com/Addiction-Design-Machine-Gambling-Vegas-ebook/dp/B0098UQVJC (10) HMS Funding Tied to Gambling https://www.thecrimson.com/article/2004/11/9/hms-funding-tied-to-gambling-a/ (11) Exxon Misled the Public https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/23/climate/exxon-global-warming-science-study.html (12) How the Sugar Industry Shifted Blame https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/13/well/eat/how-the-sugar-industry-shifted-blame-to-fat.html (13) Coca-Cola Funds Scientists Who Shift Blame https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/08/09/coca-cola-funds-scientists-who-shift-blame-for-obesity-away-from-bad-diets/ (14) Contesting the Science of Smoking https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/05/low-tar-cigarettes/481116/ (15) GAMBLING WITH AMERICA’S HEALTH - https://psmag.com/social-justice/las-vegas-nevada-legal-gambling-with-americas-public-health-policy-90625 (16) How Purdue Used Misleading Charts to Hide OxyContin's Addictive Power https://www.cbsnews.com/news/how-purdue-used-misleading-charts-to-hide-oxycontins-addictive-power/ (17) Managing Conflicts of Interest https://www.nap.edu/read/1821/chapter/7 (18) Impact of the NCRG https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ej7tT9EQidg (19) Tobacco Influence https://www.industrydocumentslibrary.ucsf.edu/wpost/recent-papers-showing-tobacco-industry-influence-in-peer-reviewed-journals-and-the-ada/ (20) Coffin Nails (1957) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BEsRKrCSF2I Please note: there is a lot of nuance in the discussion of "what to do with conflicts of interest, it doesn't end at "prohibition or disclose" but for the sake of brevity I had to present the most fundamental approaches. For example, there are different types of conflicts of interest that differ in severity. At worst, you have tobacco researching lung cancer, but a less severe example might be someone has a consulting job for Coca-Cola while separately researching obesity's link to sugar. These are not the same level of problematic and should be treated differently. I'm for prohibition in cases like "big tobacco researching lung cancer" mostly because we've tried the whole mitigate-research-influence and it doesn't seem to work. Here's a study demonstrating that industry funded research directly affects the results: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26949873 "Studies funded by organizations that are involved in exposing the environment to pollutants or their workers to hazardous materials are substantially less likely to observe an association that these exposures have or increase the risk for negative health consequences"

Comments

Nathan L : Cigarettes aren't addictive my grandma has been smoking for decades and hasn't gotten addicted

Bolt Vanderhuge : Be careful listening to this guy folks. He's sponsored by Audible, crack cocaine of audiobooks.

Duck Berry : Paying for scientific research that benefits the company is like editing a Wikipedia page to win an argument.

Eli Fuller : Youtube is addictive.

Mr Poopie Butthole : Meanwhile the state sponsored lottery jackpot has risen to 1.6 billion dollars.

Benevolent : ꦸ >is named coffee break >video on addiction hmmmmmmmmmm

Gap : If you can't convince them, confuse them.

Davis O'Brien : Anything that can release dopamine can be potentially addictive

Slava Lachkov : Sponsored by Audible? No wonder you don't talk about the addictive nature of audiobooks!

tehf00n : I have been an addicted slot gambler since I was 4 years old when I first played a slot machine with my older brother. When I started to earn money, I realised my problem. I would spend everything, including rent and food money. Then borrow money to keep myself afloat. Eventually it came to a head and I broke down in front of my friend's father. Unbeknownst to me, he ran the local Gambler's Anonymous meetings. So he invited me. Whilst I sat in that room, I listened to all the stories of people who had broken marriages, lost their home, children, and inevitably hit rock bottom (the common denominator with someone who visits GA meetings). This made me realise something. My problem wasn't as bad as theirs. I was simply affecting myself. The real test came when I was responsible for others. It was in this sense that I first gained control over my addiction. I would never spend more than I could afford to lose. I treated it like a hobby, but all the time I was open and honest about my gambling addiction. When I feel the urge to gamble, I get restless, bored, I focus on where I can get some money to gamble, I try get free spins from casinos so I can just "have a hit". When I know im getting money to gamble, I get anxiety because of the adrenaline. I start planning which slots im going to try hit a win on. Organising my stakes. When I lose, I feel unsatisfied. When I win, I take 25% of my winnings for future gambling, then give the rest to my wife. I have a managed approach to gambling and overall I am one of the few people who is actually in the positive for wins from online casinos. This is because I use free spins and only deposit a maximum of £50 in a month. Usually less. My profit over the past 5 years is around £8000. I play only low stakes (0.10-0.50p) and I use deposit bonuses when I can. I am the best case scenario for an addicted slot gambler. Yet it is a shameful addiction. Anyone who tells you it is not an addiction, is either ignorant, lying or works for the casinos.

Raphael Kapra : And then, at the slightest hint of conspiracy theory, everyone gets up to beat you down.

Matīss Brants : when i wanted to try keto my step father wanted to beat me up bcz of the "research" the sugar industry funded to blame fat.

king oli : lol when your defense of gambling is that coke is also not that bad

Joao Sousa : I KNOW CIGARETTES ARE ADDICTIVE BC THIS VIDEO MADE ME WANNA SMOKE A CIGARETTE

Consumers perspective : Of course someone who is depressed has a high likelihood of developing a gambling addiction.

Tiberian Fiend : Look at how big Howard's nose has grown from lying so much.

A B Bikes Cars N’ Guitars : I started smoking when I was 11 years old, was smoking a pack a day by 16, quit last year and had absolutely ZERO issues with it. Haven’t smoked a single cigarette since. But hey, that’s just me.

Ivan : "he could dissprove gravity" i'm dead

Postcob : Schafer is right though. Only 9% of people who use cocaine go on to become addicts. But yeah generally research will incentivize researchers to interpret findings as the funder is interested. For private funding they want to be left along. Government funding usually just wants more regulation to justify more research.

Rupert Murdock - Griffen : --- "Certain people just can't take it" --- Just like drugs or alcohol. You don't keep serving the customer if they've had too much. Some people do get addicted and will spend all their money on booze. Should we not help these people instead of making more money off them knowing its a problem? But how can Casino's police how much money patrons can spend?

Ethan Plague : So is caffeine addictive? Hmm??

bdbgh : If anything, the NCRG logo is genius

Logan Bailey : Immediately stopped watching when you blamed the scientists for not finding a link between nicotine and cancer. There isnt one. There is a link between carcinogenic smoke and cancer, however 0/10

Lazarious 542 : I'm not addicted to smoking I just like to smoke and can stop when ever I want..... Said a colleague.... I just raised an eyebrow and walked away......

Deedeedee137 : I agree with you about the problem with research with conflicts of interest in it's funding, but as a working scientist I think you've actually hit on a much larger problem with scientific publishing in general with the end of your video. Peer review is supposed to catch bad research that wasn't conducted with proper methodology or rigorous analysis. When it doesn't do that it objectively fails. And that failure isn't just in the fact that bunk studies funded by relevant parties of interest still get published; its in the fact that today there are scientific journals that you can just pay to have anything published in, and in the biases towards "impact factor" that many journals have in their selection process, and in the fact that peer reviewers aren't usually paid and often aren't given enough time to properly review the work in front of them. Scientific research and dissemination of scientific knowledge are both fantastic, and so are many journals, but there is too much of a profit motive for the people running a lot of scientific journals, and that can often lead to bunk studies getting published

magicleopard1 : TFW you get a gambling ad on this video

AmirHossein Etemad : I agree with all points outside of prohibiton, prohibiting something often only leads to black market and underground markets that cant be controlled or monitored, also people will fear and hide therefore having stats or helping them will be hard.

Esther Velez : Hahah got a Billionaire Casino ad for this vid 🤦‍♀️

Sielose : i don't see what the "prohibition"-route offers. let it stay legal and regulate it as far as you can is the way to go imho. making stuff illegal won't change jack sh*t, just look at prohibition-laws in the 20th century. i feel let down by watching such a wellmade video, just to have it tell me "simply prohibit the dangerous thing, it will solve the situation". no it won't. and i have a feeling the makers of this video know this too. therefore thumbs down, even though some good points are made.

Sen : i love how you put videos together keep up the good work

Mike Spinelli : Always remember, breakfast is the most important meal of the day! *this study was paid for by Kellogg’s and general mills

heman : Wow, I'm blown away by the quality and content of this video.

Jonathan Weiss : “Me Schaefer I don’t feel so good...” Lmfao my sides as they particalize and float away

Thomas Birtles : Money screams louder than words.

ipKonfig.com : Literally LOL'd when he said "This man's a genius. He could disprove gravity" OMG, that had me rolling hardlololol

Wes Tolson : One of the worst parts about these studies paid for by corporate entities is that because thier misinformation get released and makes it through the peer review process, people develop a distrust of science and scientists. They think that because a company can buy a study that concludes gambling addiction isn't real, or at least isn't caused by...uh... gambling, people start thinking that ANY study could have been bought and that scientists only conclude what they are paid to find. This is why so many people deny climate change, the evidence is there, the research is there, but people don't listen to actually data because greedy people who manipulate data elsewhere.

TheHairyClevage : This is SO well constructed mate. points are very clearly made, and arguments are thorough, well thought out, and well researched. You not only earned a Sub. but make me feel I'm at a loss for not discovering your channel before stumbling upon this vid. Nice moves.

Matt Pifer : Here from carpo. You should give him a shout out...hes at 18k with quality content

jinxmaster1 : I fundamentally disagree with the term "addictive" In all the uses I have seen. It is almost universally used to describe something which gives the user a positive sensation and sometimes a negative one should they stop using it after becoming dependant. I don't consider the negative effects to be "addiction" as they are withdrawal. I do not consider the positive effects "addiction" as then food and deep breaths would be considered addictive. As such I conclude that the only part of "addiction" that could be considered an issue is withdrawal. As such there is no use in the word "addiction" as reference to anything other than withdrawal. Cigarettes only offer noticeable withdrawal after smoking quite a bit and the withdrawal is gone after a week or so. The "psychological addiction" that persists is merely a mental association with positive sensations. As such we are therefore "psychologically addicted" to anything nice that we haven't had in some time. The only form of addiction that I recognise (and even then only partially) is the psychological association between a thing and the release from withdrawal as this is the brain being tricked into expecting a sensation which only occurs under circumstances that it is currently not in (withdrawal).

Pat Cassar : When that PSA said "1 percent of Americans have a gambling disorder" This sounded like a desperate attempt to undermine the stats. So I did some rough research and math. For starters google says it's between 2-3 percent of Americans have a "gambling problem", this adds up to between 6 to 9 Million people. Only 15 percent of Americans gamble regularly (once a week). Using my quick math, that is roughly 14 percent of people who gamble are "problem gamblers", that's a pretty big minority.

Jarrvis : Too much of anything will make you an addict, and the stance of zero tolerance is simply not liable anymore. Fully understanding whichever topic is discussed is the first and most important step to take before drawing any conclusion on the matter at hand.

Anders Jokstad : That outro 🔥🔥🔥

Tenderizer17 : The Australian government asked five different organisations to together research whether loot boxes in gaming constitute gambling from a psychological perspective. The research took months (or even years, I'm not sure) and by the end of it they concluded "more research is needed" despite the connection being glaring obvious in at least some cases. Furthermore, they actually included misinformation in their report claiming that the games industry needs loot boxes to make up for the low price of games.

Darth Utah 66 : I figured you would take this in the direction of climate change denial by fossil fuel companies.

Cappy Chomsky : The content quality grows with every video! Congrats on the sponsorship!

SuperFluffyShmoopy : Cool next do the vaccine industry and big pharma

Aisha Shaikh : AMAZING VIDEO THANKYOU FOR INCLUDING ALL THE CLIPS IN THIS

TheInkinJapan : That guy sounds like an idiot: "No none whatever....neither...ummmm....in cigarettes or in any partt of smoking....as such" If you can't speak English, you had best learn a foreign accent.

Mat Smith : I’ve been watching your vids for a while and I just want to say they obviously have a lot of work out into them and they are interesting to watch