The Best Way to Pack Spheres - Numberphile

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Scanlaid : Can you talk more about the formal mathematical language used for a computer to check a proof conclusively? A nice number/computerphile crossover

Dom : "He invented the potato and other lies." True story.

Caillouminati : Ah yes the grand mathematical properties of a ball pit

teddy boragina : I love James Grime, he's one of my fav people in numberphile videos. You have to admit, though, that "Doctor Grime" would be an excellent name for a Captain Planet villain.

Leotan2903 : 2 James grime video in a row It feels like heaven

Science with Katie : Handy information for jugglers. 😉

Sebastian Elytron : Why all the mathematics? Just look at my gut after I eat 12 bags of Maltesers.

M. de k. : I saw someone do this with oranges once, I think he was also the inventor of the "parker square"

Paul Paulson : I have a solution for problem #25. Where can i collect my million dollar reward?

δτ : How does disproving a finite of number counter-examples count as a proof? They have to demonstrate first that any potential counter-example is essentially equal to one of the five thousand or one hundred. Have they? Edit: As has been pointed out in responds to this, it might be that Dr. Grime glossed over this point to keep the level of mathematics involved understandable to laypeople. I understand that and it is perfectly understandable and fine, I would have just preferred this detail at least to be mentioned in the video, considering that the reduction from infinitely many cases to finitely many is both a necessary condition and that it being possible is an interesting fact, if true. Instead not a single word is spent on wether these 5000 examples cover all cases. One sentence would have been enough, but this way there is something missing.

Richard Andersson : There are some inaccuracies in the video. The triangular pyramid is in fact exactly the same as the square pyramid, but they are not the same as the hexagonal one. The two types of packing have the same packing factor but a fundamentally different structure. Google FCC and HCP for more info. Also table salt, NaCl, is not fcc or hcp, it is a simple cubic lattice and is therefore not a perfectly packed.

Alex Johansson : At first, i heard "...packing cannibals."

Matthew Zuelke : You mean the best way to park squares, Parker squares that is

Bo Do : Oi mate! 'Ave you got you'self a loicense fo them fancy maths bruv?

raditz : Great talk, but IMHO you should have mentioned Laszlo Fejes Toth for "He also investigated the sphere packing problem. He was the first to show, in 1953, that proof of the Kepler conjecture can be reduced to a finite case analysis and, later, that the problem might be solved using a computer." (from wikipedia)

cyancoyote : The computer screen displays a few lines from the first paragraph of the Wikipedia article "Sphere packing" in a hexadecimal representation. "In geometry, a sphere packing is an arrangement of non-overlapping spheres within a containing space. The spheres considered are usually all of identical size, and the space is usually three-dimensional Euclidean space. However, sphere packing problems can be generalised to consider unequal spheres, n-dimensional Euclidean space (where the problem becomes circle packing in two dimensions, or hypersphere packing in higher dimensions) or to non-Euclidean spaces such as hyperbolic space. A typical sphere packing problem is to find an arrangement in which the spheres fill as large a proportion of the space as possible. The proportion of space filled by the spheres is calle"

Max Labb : As a material engineer I am a bit annoyed by the distinction between "aluminium and copper, or crystals like tablesalt". If aluminium or copper have a regular packing they ARE crystals ;)

BonZaiOne : Your statement that 74% is the value for structures like "copper and table salt" is pretty inaccurate; let me explain why. The max possible packing factor is 0.74 (or if you prefer 74% of the "structure" that contains the particles), this factor competes only to the monoatomic metallic elements like copper or aluminium (of course under some simplifying hypothesis). NaCl or "table salt" is a binary ionic salt formed by two different atomic species (sodium and chlorine) with opposite charges, so in order to stabilize the entire structure they will dispose themselves in different position leaving different voids. So in conclusion the packing factor isn't 0.74 , it's around 0.67.

Kumar Suyash Rituraj : please do a video on michael atiyah and the riemann hypothesis thing

Giantalfe : Shove it all in until it works!

Jonathan Corwin : 5:45 What is this "bit of Pythagoras"? - It's Monday morning and my brain hasn't woken up

John Chessant : "24: Pick up dry-cleaning 25: Buy milk 26: Send invoice!" Hahahaha For those wondering, Hilbert only set 23 problems (only one of which is also among the seven Millennium Prize Problems, namely the Riemann Hypothesis). I don't think there's a monetary reward for the problems, especially since they're more of a guideline for where mathematical research should expand in the 1900s rather than concrete problems.

5h3r10ck h01m35 : 12th chemistry

Dalgaim : However, all this holds only if there are no boundaries. If there actually is a finite box we want to pack with spheres, it becomes much more complicated, especially if the dimensions of the box are not divisible by the size of the unit of the packing.

Rahul sama : Can someone please tell me how the height was root2 I can't seem to figure it out....

Aditya : wait... you just make a finite list of possible counterexamples and just cause you could not find a better packing you conclude you found the best packing?!

Funking Prink : How did they come up with the 5000 potential counter examples and how did they know that there weren't better alternatives out there?

John Galois : "...looked for the best way to pack his CANNIBALS." Oh, i think i misheared that part.

Doug Rosengard : I’m curious about the framed paper on the wall in the background, was that a signed copy of the sheet used in a Graham’s number video?

Calin Gligore : Make a video on the Riemann Hypothesis proof

MAD A NION : *I wonder why always, that rubiks cube always remain unsolved*

Iqbal Mala : Under 301 club Limit: Well... 300 We have food and drinks, come on in and.. Party?

amira3333 : When is the video on the supposed RH proof coming?

Josinete Ferreira : Você Sabia?! Kkk

Maryam Study : You are 🔥🔥🔥 Seeing you helping students in education has inspired me to come out of my comfort zone and start my own YouTube channel to help more students.. Love you sir

prezadent1 : pack 'em deep is the best way

cartoon molvies : Alguém quem BR?

Stefan Reich : 10:00 What is the formal proof language they used? COQ or similar?

Anna Walker : 2 James video in a row *I HAPPY*

DoctorMaxMoebius : Lover your work. Bucky Fuller was a “closest-packed sphere” expert. Surprised you didn’t mention his work. Also, Penrose was big into tiling space, so not being an expert but a dilettante in all their work, I would’ve thought they might have addressed some of these ideas. You should do some videos on their work.

INTJ Mind : Where is he at? I love how simplistic it is. If that is his home this would be my dream. A brown simple home decorated minimally.

Commentah : Maybe you better use a tripod for your camera?

Anderson L : *"Você sábia"*

Quahntasy - Animating Universe : Two James grim video in a row. I am James grinning now. Sorry bad joke.

Giovanna Moi : Where was this 3 years ago when I had a math task to find out the best way to pack spheres.

TheMakersRage : So Raleigh asked his friend to solve the problem and Raleigh gets the credit?

alex paoki : Which number is largest? Tree(3) or G64! I have no idea😕😕

Denis Molla : Hahhahaha cliffhanger in a Pack Spheres video? Numberphile!

Mikhail Kudinov : Make a video on congruent numbers plz!!!

jfitz0716 : What’s the best mathematical way to pack fudge?